Immigrant (Permanent) Visas:
Immediate Relatives: US Citizen Spouse (IR-1/CR-1), Unmarried Children under 21 (IR-2) and their Parents (IR-5).
Family Preference Categories:
F1: Unmarried sons/daughters of US Citizens over 21 (and derivatives)
F2: LPR Spouses and Minor Children (F2A) and unmarried sons and daughters (F2B)
F3: Married Sons and Daughters of US Citizens (and derivatives)
F4: Brothers and Sisters of US Citizens (and derivatives)
Employment Preference Categories
EB-1: Priority workers. Sub-groups:
Foreign nationals with extraordinary ability in sciences, arts, education, business or athletics.
Foreign nationals that are outstanding professors or researchers with at least three years of experience in teaching or research and who are recognized internationally.
Foreign nationals that are managers and executives subject to international transfers to the United States.
EB-2: Professionals holding advanced degrees (Ph.D., master’s degree, or at least five years of progressive post-baccalaureate experience) or persons of exceptional ability in sciences, arts, or business. OR National Interest Waivers (NIW - EB-2c).
EB-3: Skilled workers, professionals, and other workers.
EB-4: Certain special immigrants – ministers, religious workers, current or former U.S. government workers, etc.
EB-5: An investor who invests between $900,000 and $1,800,000 (As of 11/21/2019) , depending on the employment rate in the geographical area, in a commercial enterprise in the United States which creates at least 10 new full-time jobs for U.S. citizens, permanent resident aliens, or other lawful immigrants, not including the investor and his or her family.
SB-1: Returning Resident Visa (permission to reenter as an LPR after 1 year or more absence abroad (or beyond the validity period of a Reentry Permit).
Asylum v. Refugee: If within the US, a foreign national can apply for Asylum through USCIS. Refugee status is for those outside the US that apply through the UN program that maintains this process for Refugees.
VAWA: Special visa categories for victims of abuse by LPR or USC spouses.
Diversity Visa: Green Card Lottery. am Annual lottery for foreign nationals from low-migration countries to be able to obtain Lawful Permanent Residency.